from the cookbook
Modern society is still faced with human trafficking, fair wage discussions,
union activities, and issues of human rights equality under the law.
The Dailey Sun~Chronicles – “No Rumors, No Fakes – Just the Facts, Jack!”
Volume VIII, Issue 43 6 – 19 – 2019 ***** Edition
“Annual Observance of Juneteenth”
Juneteenth – the formal end of slavery (by law, on paper) throughout the United States in the mid-19th Century – is an observance all mankind should take heed.
The following was taken from Wikipedia:
During the American Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862, with an effective date of January 1, 1863. It declared that all enslaved persons in the Confederate States of America in rebellion and not in Union hands were to be freed. This excluded the five states known later as border states, which were the four “slave states” not in rebellion – Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and Missouri – and those counties of Virginia soon to form the state of West Virginia, and also the three zones under Union occupation: the state of Tennessee, lower Louisiana, and Southeast Virginia.
More isolated geographically, Texas was not a battleground, and thus the people held there as slaves were not affected by the Emancipation Proclamation unless they escaped. Planters and other slaveholders had migrated into Texas from eastern states to escape the fighting, and many brought enslaved people with them, increasing by the thousands the enslaved population in the state at the end of the Civil War. Although most enslaved people lived in rural areas, more than 1,000 resided in both Galveston and Houston by 1860, with several hundred in other large towns. By 1865, there were an estimated 250,000 enslaved people in Texas.
The news of General Robert E. Lee’s surrender on April 9 reached Texas later in the month. The Army of the Trans-Mississippi did not surrender until June 2. On June 18, Union Army General Gordon Granger arrived at Galveston Island with 2,000 federal troops to occupy Texas on behalf of the federal government. The following day, standing on the balcony of Galveston’s Ashton Villa, Granger read aloud the contents of “General Order No. 3”, announcing the total emancipation of those held as slaves:
The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.
Emancipation Day celebration in Richmond, Virginia in 1905 – the 50th anniversary
Formerly enslaved people in Galveston rejoiced in the streets after the announcement, although in the years afterward many struggled to work through the changes against resistance of whites. The following year, freedmen organized the first of what became the annual celebration of Juneteenth in Texas. In some cities African-Americans were barred from using public parks because of state-sponsored segregation of facilities. Across parts of Texas, freed people pooled their funds to purchase land to hold their celebrations, such as Houston‘s Emancipation Park, Mexia‘s Booker T. Washington Park, and Emancipation Park in Austin.
In the early 20th century, economic and political forces led to a decline in Juneteenth celebrations. From 1890 to 1908, Texas and all former Confederate states passed new constitutions or amendments that effectively disenfranchised black people, excluding them from the political process. White-dominated state legislatures passed Jim Crow laws imposing second-class status. The Great Depression forced many black people off farms and into the cities to find work. In these urban environments, African Americans had difficulty taking the day off to celebrate. The Second Great Migration began during World War II, when many black people migrated to the West Coast where skilled jobs in the defense industry were opening up. From 1940 through 1970, in the second wave of the Great Migration, more than 5 million black people left Texas, Louisiana and other parts of the South for the North and West Coast. As historian Isabel Wilkerson writes, “The people from Texas took Juneteenth Day to Los Angeles, Oakland, Seattle, and other places they went.”
By the 1950s and 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement focused the attention of African-American youth on the struggle for racial equality and the future, but many linked these struggles to the historical struggles of their ancestors. Following the 1968 Poor People’s Campaign to Washington, DC called by Rev. Ralph Abernathy, many attendees returned home and initiated Juneteenth celebrations in areas where the day was not previously celebrated.
Since the 1980s and 1990s, the holiday has been more widely celebrated among African-American communities. In 1994 a group of community leaders gathered at Christian Unity Baptist Church in New Orleans, Louisiana to work for greater national celebration of Juneteenth. Expatriates have celebrated it in cities abroad, such as Paris. Some US military bases in other countries sponsor celebrations, in addition to those of private groups.
Although the holiday is still mostly unknown outside African-American communities, it has gained mainstream awareness through depictions in entertainment media, such as episodes of TV series Atlanta (2016) and Black-ish (2017), the latter of which featured musical numbers about the holiday by Aloe Blacc, The Roots, and Fonzworth Bentley.
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- “Juneteenth Celebrated in Coachella”. Black Voice News. June 22, 2011. Archived from the original on January 22, 2012.
- “Juneteenth”. Merriam Webster Dictionary. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- “National Observance of Juneteenth is Still a Struggle”. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
- Taylor, 2002. pp. 28–29.
- “How to Celebrate”. Juneteenth.com. Retrieved June 19, 2014.[self-published source]
- “Mascogos. Siempre listos para partir”. El Universal (in Spanish). September 19, 2016. Retrieved July 31, 2017. Sin embargo, la fiesta de la comunidad es el 19 de junio – el Juneteenth Day en Estados Unidos – el día que los esclavos de Galveston, Texas, supieron que eran libres.
- Cruz, Gilbert (June 18, 2008). “A Brief History of Juneteenth”. Time magazine. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
- Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. “What Is Juneteenth?”. The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross. PBS. Originally posted on The Root. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Barr (1996), p. 24.
- The Texas Republican (Marshall), April 28, 1865, p. 2, contains a reference to the surrender
- “Juneteenth”. Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Retrieved July 6, 2006.
- Campbell, Randolph (1984). “The End of Slavery in Texas: A Research Note”. Southwestern Historical Quarterly. 88 (1): 71–80.
- Adams, Luther (November 29, 2010). Way Up North in Louisville: African American Migration in the Urban South, 1930–1970. University of North Carolina Press. ISBN978-0807899434.
- Wilkerson, Isabel (2010). The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America’s Great Migration. New York: Random House. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- Chandler, D.L. (June 19, 2012). “Juneteenth: Celebrating The Early Moments Of Freedom Today”. News One. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
- Moskin, Julie (June 18, 2004). “An Obscure Texas Celebration Makes Its Way Across the U.S.” The New York Times. Retrieved April 28, 2011.
- “The World Celebrates Freedom”. Juneteenth.com. Retrieved June 19, 2006.
- Ho, Rodney (October 25, 2016). “FX’s ‘Atlanta’ recap (‘Juneteenth’): season 1, episode 9”. Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- Framke, Caroline (October 4, 2017). “Black-ish’s musical episode about Juneteenth is a pointed lesson on American ignorance”. Vox. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- “I Am A Slave”. YouTube. ABC News. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- “We Built This”. YouTube. ABC Television Network. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- Butler, Berhonie (October 4, 2017). “‘Blackish’ gives a powerful history lesson – with nods to ‘Hamilton’ and ‘Schoolhouse Rock'”. Washington Post. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- Dingus, Anne (June 2001). “Once a Texas-only holiday marking the end of slavery, Juneteenth is now celebrated nationwide with high spirits and hot barbecue”. Texas Monthly. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
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– Max’s Scout Services & Communications of the Americas, LLC –
from Woodside, California 94062-2448
“The Dailey Sun~Chronicles”
Kay Ivey (R) explained her reasoning in a statement, citing “Alabamians’ deeply held belief that every life is precious and that every life is a sacred gift from God.”
But that belief is not reflected in the state’s abysmal statistics when it comes to child mortality, child poverty, food insecurity, education, child care, or paid family leave. Indeed, Ivey’s stated commitment to giving “every person the best chance for a quality life and promising future” doesn’t seem to extend beyond the womb.
Under Alabama’s total abortion ban, providers could face jail time of 10 to 99 years for providing abortions. Patients are exempt from criminal and civil charges. The only exception is if the health of the pregnant person is at serious risk. There are no exceptions for rape or incest. The law will go into effect in 2020, but is expected to be met with lawsuits before then
But the Alabama legislature has done little to tackle this problem, choosing instead to focus primarily on “fringe issues and oddball causes that don’t improve Alabamians’ lives and health,” the editorial board of a local newspaper wrote in 2018.
The same holds true of the state’s child poverty rate. A 2018 report by VOICES for Alabama Children found that there were more children living in poverty in 2018 than in 2000. About 26.5% of children in Alabama live in poverty, including about 30% of children under the age of 5.
Alabama is also one of the most food insecure states in the country, with more than 16% of the population struggling to afford food. This means that more than one in five children grow up hungry. The problem, as Hunger Free America CEO Joel Berg explained to Alabama Today, has much to do with the state’s lack of a minimum wage, instead abiding by the federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour.
“It’s no surprise that we again found that states with higher minimum wages have less hunger among working people and states with lower minimum wages had more hunger among working people,” he said.
Exacerbating the situation are recent drops in food stamp recipients, thanks to the expiration of a federal waiver that allowed Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipients to be exempt from work requirements. Now, all able-bodied SNAP recipients between the ages of 18 and 49 who aren’t raising children must have at least a part-time job to qualify for benefits. Last year, 38,000 Alabamians lost eligibility to food stamps.
education. The state’s per pupil funding of $9,497 is significantly lower than the national average of about $11,400. Similarly, Alabama has done little to enact regulations for childcare services, allowing hundreds of child care centers to claim a religious exemption from licensing, even as child injuries and deaths at unlicensed centers have garnered attention over the past few years.
The average family in Alabama has a tough time affording child care, as the cost of taking care of one infant demands 11% of a family’s income. Research by the Economic Policy Institute found that this cost is “out of reach for low-wage workers.”
Making matters worse, Alabama does not have a statewide paid family leave policy. According to the National Partnership for Women and Families, “This means Alabamians face impossible choices when new children are born or adopted and when serious personal or family health needs inevitably arise.”
Attempts to shield children from words, ideas, and people that might cause them emotional discomfort are bad for the students. They are bad for the workplace, which will be mired in unending litigation if student expectations of safety are carried forward. They are bad for American democracy, which is already paralyzed by worsening partisanship. When the ideas, values, and speech of the other side are seen not just as wrong but as willfully aggressive toward innocent victims, it is hard to imagine the kind of mutual respect, negotiation, and compromise that are needed to make politics a positive-sum game.
Rather than trying to protect students from words and ideas that they will inevitably encounter, colleges should do all they can to equip students to thrive in a world full of words and ideas that they cannot control.
Using Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques and effective medicines can be implemented to help Generation Z overcome their anxiety.
MEDICINE (#13) and COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY
A partial list from Robert L. Leahy, Stephen J. F. Holland, and Lata K. McGinn’s Treatment Plans and Interventions for Depression and Anxiety Disorders (2012).
- Mind reading. You assume that you know what people think without having sufficient evidence of their thoughts. “He thinks I’m a loser.”
- Fortune-telling. You predict the future negatively: things will get worse, or there is danger ahead. “I’ll fail that exam,” or “I won’t get the job.”
- Catastrophizing. You believe that what has happened or will happen will be so awful and unbearable that you won’t be able to stand it. “It would be terrible if I failed.”
- Labeling. You assign global negative traits to yourself and others. “I’m undesirable,” or “He’s a rotten person.”
- Discounting positives. You claim that the positive things you or others do are trivial. “That’s what wives are supposed to do—so it doesn’t count when she’s nice to me,” or “Those successes were easy, so they don’t matter.”
- Negative filtering. You focus almost exclusively on the negatives and seldom notice the positives. “Look at all of the people who don’t like me.”
- Overgeneralizing. You perceive a global pattern of negatives on the basis of a single incident. “This generally happens to me. I seem to fail at a lot of things.”
- Dichotomous thinking. You view events or people in all-or-nothing terms. “I get rejected by everyone,” or “It was a complete waste of time.”
- Blaming. You focus on the other person as the source of your negative feelings, and you refuse to take responsibility for changing yourself. “She’s to blame for the way I feel now,” or “My parents caused all my problems.”
- What if? You keep asking a series of questions about “what if” something happens, and you fail to be satisfied with any of the answers. “Yeah, but what if I get anxious?” or “What if I can’t catch my breath?”
- Emotional reasoning. You let your feelings guide your interpretation of reality. “I feel depressed; therefore, my marriage is not working out.sco
- Inability to disconfirm. You reject any evidence or arguments that might contradict your negative thoughts. For example, when you have the thought I’m unlovable, you reject as irrelevant any evidence that people like you.
MAX’S SCOUT SERVICES & COMMUNICATIONS OF THE AMERICAS, LLC
Dailey Sun~Chronicles “News You Can Use” “No Rumors, No Fakes, Just the Facts, Jack!” “All the Good News”
Volume VII, Issue 24 10 – 24 – 2018 ***** Edition
What Has Been Happening in America
This issue is a tribute to my dear daughter and birthday girl.
October 24th also happens to be the annual anniversary of United Nations Day.
Along the North Atlantic Coast . . .
Dateline: Norfolk, Virginia
A woman reports to police that a man broke into her home, made them breakfast, took a shower, and washed his clothes.
Dateline: Washington, D.C.
The Trump Administration announces plans to reduce taxes for middle-class, build the Mexican Wall with Saudi Arabian blood money, give Ivanka Trump designed and Chinese-made goods to African Americans, and not to ever lie or mislead Americans.
Dateline: Greenville, S.C.
Police caught a student with a knife that she used to snort cocaine before class.
Dateline: Greenville, N.C.
Police sought treatment for a pit bull who dug up a loaded .38-caliber pistol.
Dateline: Lehigh Acres, Florida
Senior found dead with his head stuck in an electric car window.
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In the North American Wild West . . .
Dateline: Gunnison, Utah
School district brushed aside a claim of sexual abuse as a case of “boys being boys.”
Dateline: Los Angeles, California
A former Republican congressional aide, Michael Kimbrew, has received a sentence of 18 months in prison for accepting a $5,000 bribe.
Dateline: Laramie, Wyoming
“The World Needs More Cowboys” is the battle cry of the University of Wyoming’s half a million-dollar marketing campaign.
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Remembering the “Witch Hunt”
This Halloween Week
In the American Heartland . . .
Dateline: Willard, Ohio
Two men who hopped a freight train were arrested after they phoned 911 to report that their train was moving too fast.
Dateline: Marquette, Michigan
The county accepted a $65K grant to keep an eye on the U.S. – Canada border.
Dateline: Peru, Indiana
State Police busts have netted what they call “Donald J. Trump-shaped” ecstasy pills.
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Elsewhere in the United States of America . . .
Dateline: Kansas City, Missouri
Over 70 community and religious leaders are requesting that all politicians stop vilifying immigrants.
Debate continues about the deep meaning of the president’s chosen vocabulary particularly during his rallies. The Washington Post and others have lost track of how many instances of misinformation, falsehoods, and lies have been promoted.
copyright MMXVIII – Max’s Scout Services & Communications of the Americas, LLC –
“The San Dailey Sun~Chronicles”
Wednesday, October 17, 2018, from Missoula
8. “And come Election Day, Americans will remember Kavanaugh and they will remember all sorts of other things, because that was a shameful act.”
Two thoughts here: a) How did Trump go from attacking the Mueller probe for looking into whether he obstructed the investigation to a big guy hugging him? b) Trump says that big, strong guys hug him and thank him for saving America outside every rally. Does this actually happen?
remember that? And then numerous people have done that. But that’s OK. But the choice could not be more clear. Democrats produce mobs. Republicans produce jobs.”
Rep. Greg Gianforte pleaded guilty to assaulting a reporter who was asking him questions. HA HA HA HA. Wait, what the actual hell?
May Day ’18
Bon Jovi sang it best, I did my part but she didn’t. I was ‘shot through the heart and you’re to blame, she gives LOVE a bad name.
Thus she gives LOVE a bad name.
Amazing that John Bon Jovi never met the “Church Lady of MPPC”
May Day 2018
No not for this author but for my ex- and only wif during my 64+ years.
The irony is I thought that Beatles song would mirror my own life (you know, … Vera, Chuck, and Dave) when I attained this age of mine despite using all kinds of recreational drugs (no H or smack) during my ‘formative years’ – when coincidently I met my wif during college days in the Big Ten Conference – and engaging for pay in some dangerous and unsafe activities (fyi, I became a safety engineer in 1979 – when coincidently I married my wife near Lake Michigan – we did not have issues until we arrived in the ‘land of milk and honey’ Northern California).
You would think I’d be mildly upset that my college honey decided to remarry an atheist, who lived next door between 1995 and 2007 – when coincidently I moved to Sonoma County wine country, alone.
Naw she could not understand how elated I was that she would be able to retire next week and not have to work in a preschool daycare center until she aged to 80 or so. My vows specifically stated ‘until death do y’all part’ and I had still felt responsibility for her health insurance premiums, mortgage payments, property taxes, raising our daughter, and the re-sale value on a $2 to $3,000,000.00 house in beautiful County of San Mateo.
Fortunately, the divorce proceedings she handled her self and but I hired a lawyer only to be shafted after we’d been separated for a year or so.
What I thought was my second love of my life, was lost because Susan was so honorable that we refrained from ‘hanky panky’ until my first divorce was finalized. The time was not right for us and I suffered a broken heart.
Today, I am thinking that I would not have incurred a broken heart if my ex-wif did not drag her feet meddling with the legal paperwork and dirty-dealing with my lawyer and the divorce court judge in his chambers, no less. Dear Susan and I could not wait… I recall breaking up on the Fourth of July, no less.
Like a cat falling, I always have tried to land on my feet after losing a relationship or changing jobs.
Death is a subject which I have researched. Taking a lesson from Kubler-Ross, I should be angry, then go through denial, and now begin to cry. So I am trying to cry today so my subconscious can, as my Mom would say, “David, get over it.”
I should just write it off that my ex-wif decided on “a marriage of convenience.”
Excuse me, I am going to take a nap.
Index of the Seven Essays in this Series
Psychoanalysis of DBD’s Life-Changing Event in 2018
Max’s Scout Services & Communications of the Americas
[ for musement only ]
Just a Thought: A Reflection on Republican History – Avoiding a Constitutional Crisis, Preserving the Republic, and Fostering World Peace
Could the Republican Party do the U.S. and the world a favor?
May we take a lesson from history?
It was done during the 1970’s.
In the name of the party of Abraham Lincoln and by the grace of God, can it happen again?
(1) The Speaker of the House of Representatives changed prior to the mid-term election of 1974, with a presidential election looming in 1976.
(2) The dishonorable Vice President (Spiro Agnew / like Mike Pence) was replaced.
(3) The sitting President (RMN) resigned with some dignity and many accomplishments.
(4) The Vice President (Gerald Ford) seamlessly assumed the Presidency.
(5) A respectable Vice President (former New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller) was selected.
(6) The U. S. House of Representatives democratically elected a new Speaker of the House (who follows the VP as next in-line to succeed the President of the United States of America (POTUS)).
Given the Trade War, military conflicts, resignation of today’s Speaker, and recent alliance of Russia – China – Syria, perhaps Americans should pursue the best options.
So help US God.
~ Max’s Scout Services & Communications of the Americas, LLC ~
[ not necessarily for musement only ]